Jâbir b. `Abd Allah al-Ansârî relates that he heard Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said three days before his death: “None of you should ever die except while assuming the best about Allah.” [Sahîh Muslim (5125)]

Ibn al-Qayyim says: There can be no doubt that assuming the best about Allah only comes as a result of righteous conduct. It is the righteous person who assumes the best about his Lord, since he knows that Allah will reward him for his good deeds and will never break His promise.

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‏أذكار الصباح والمساء تُخرج الإنسان من وصف (الغافلين). (واذكر ربك في نفسك تضرعا وخيفة ودون الجهر من القول بالغدو والآصال ولا تكن من الغافلين)

Fasting six days of Shawwāl after Ramaḍān is equal to fasting a “dahr” (long period), and what is meant by “dahr” is one whole year; Ramaḍān is a month worth ten, and six days of Shawwāl are worth two months, because every good deed is multiplied by ten.

صيام ستٍّ من شوال بعد رمضان يعدل صيام الدهر ، والمراد بــ(الدهر) السَّنة الواحدة ، فرمضان شهر بعشرة ، وست من شوال بشهرين لأن الحسنة بعشر أمثالها

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‏منح الله العقل للإنسان ليسير به لا ليعترض عليه، فإن سار به ورأى غير مراد الله فليُكذّب عقله وليصدق ربه، فللعقل سراب يتوهمه كما تتوهمه العين .

It is permissible to perform voluntary fasts before qaḍā’ [making up missed fasts] of Ramaḍān. From among the Salaf (righteous predecessors) who held this view was Saʿīd bin Jubayr, and it has been narrated from Aḥmad. Also, the apparent conduct of ʿĀ’ishah is that she would postpone qaḍā’ [of Ramaḍān] until Shaʿbān, and it is far-fetched that she wouldn’t perform voluntary fasts [before that].

يجوز صيام التطوع قبل قضاء رمضان، قال به من السلف سعيد بن جبير وروي عن أحمد، وظاهر فعل عائشة أنها تؤخر القضاء إلى شعبان ويبعد أنها لا تتنفل

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